The European Council has agreed to use a ‘cyber diplomacy toolbox’ against hackers acting against a Member State. Any malicious cyber activities will be met with a joint EU diplomatic response, which will make full use of measures within the Common Foreign and Security Policy, including sanctions such as asset freezes, travel bans, and trade restrictions.
A statement from the European Council read: ‘A joint EU response to malicious cyber activities would be proportionate to the scope, scale, duration, intensity, complexity, sophistication and impact of the cyber activity.’
The announcement comes in the wake of a significant hacking attack on President Macron’s campaign in the French presidential election in May, and before the start of the German elections in September.
The European Council’s statement can be found here:
The European Council’s Conclusions on cyber diplomacy can be found here: http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-6122-2015-INIT/en/pdf